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A TABULAR VIEW OF ENGLISH LITERATURE

 

I. The Britons and the Anglo-Saxon Period, from the 
      beginning to the Norman Conquest in 1066 A. D. 
   A. The Britons, before and during the Roman occupation, 
      to the fifth century. 
   B. Anglo-Saxon Poetry, on the Continent in prehistoric 
      times before the migration to England, and in England 
      especially during the Northumbrian Period, seventh and 
      eighth centuries A. D. Ballads, 'Beowulf,' Caedmon, 
      Bede (Latin prose), Cynewulf. 
   C. Anglo-Saxon Prose, of the West Saxon Period, tenth 
      and eleventh centuries, beginning with King Alfred, 
      871-901. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. II. The Norman-French, Period, 1066 to about 1350. 
    Literature in Latin, French, and English. Many different 
      forms, both religious and secular, including the 
      religious drama. The Metrical Romances, including the 
      Arthurian Cycle. Geoffrey of Monmouth, 'Historia 
      Regum Britanniae' (Latin), about 1136. Wace, 'Brut' 
      (French), about 1155. Laghamon, 'Brut' (English), 
      about 1200. III. The End of the Middle Ages, about 1350 to about 1500. 
    The Hundred Years' War. 'Sir John Mandeyille's' 
      'Voyage.' Chaucer, 1338-1400. John Gower. 'The 
      Vision Concerning Piers the Plowman.' Wiclif and 
      the Lollard Bible, about 1380. Popular Ballads. The 
      War of the Roses. Malory's 'Morte Darthur,' finished 
      1467. Caxton and the printing press, 1476. Morality 
      Plays and Interludes. IV. The Renaissance and the Elizabethan Period, about 1500 
      to 1603. 
    Great discoveries and activity, both intellectual and 
      physical. Influence of Italy. The Reformation. 
    Henry VIII, 1509-47. Edward VI, to 1553. Mary, to 1558. 
      Elizabeth, 1558-1603. Defeat of the Armada, 1588. 
    Sir Thomas More, 'Utopia.' Tyndale's New Testament 
      and other translations of the Bible. 
    Wyatt and Surrey, about 1540. 
    Prose Fiction. Lyly's 'Euphues,' 1578. Sidney's 
      'Arcadia.' 
    Spenser, 1552-1599. 'The Shepherd's Calendar,' 1579. 
      'The Faerie Queene,' 1590 and later. 
    Lyric poetry, including sonnet sequences. John Donne. 
    The Drama. Classical and native influences. Lyly, 
      Peele, Greene, Marlowe. Shakspere, 1564-1616. Ben 
      Jonson and other dramatists. V. The Seventeenth Century, 1603-1660. 
    The First Stuart Kings, James I (to 1625) and Charles I. 
      Cavaliers and Puritans. The Civil War and the Commonwealth. 
      Cromwell. 
    The Drama, to 1642. 
    Francis Bacon. 
    The King James Bible, 1611. 
    Lyric Poets. Herrick. The 'Metaphysical' religious 
      poets—Herbert, Crashaw, and Vaughan. Cavalier and 
      Puritan poets. 
    Milton, 1608-1674. 
    John Bunyan, 'Pilgrim's Progress.' 1678.

VI. The Restoration Period, from the Restoration of Charles II 
      in 1660 to the death of Dryden in 1700. 
    Charles II, 1660-1685. James II, 1685 to the Revolution 
      in 1688. William and Mary, 1688-1702. 
    Butler's 'Hudibras.' Pepys' 'Diary.' The Restoration 
      Drama. Dryden, 1631-1700.

VII. The Eighteenth Century. 
         Queen Anne, 1702-1715. The four Georges, 1715-1830.

    PSEUDO-CLASSIC 
     LITERATURE. 
   Swift, 1667-1745. 
   Addison, 1672-1719. 
   Steele, 1672-1729. 
   Pope, 1688-1744. 
   Johnson, 1709-1784.

     THE LATER PROSE. 
   Burke, 1729-1797. 
   Gibbon, 'Decline and 
     Fall,' 1776-1788. 
   Boswell, 'Life of 
     Johnson,' 1791.

     THE NOVEL. 
   'Sir Roger de Coverly,' 
     1711-12. 
   Defoe, 1661-1731. 
     'Robinson Crusoe,' 
     1718-20. 
   Richardson, 1689-1761. 
     'Clarissa Harlowe,' 
     1747-8. 
   Fielding, 1707-1754. 
   Smollett. 
   Sterne. 
   Goldsmith, 'Vicar of 
   Wakefield,' 1766. 
   Historical and 'Gothic' 
     Novels. 
   Miss Burney, 'Evelina,' 
     1778. 
   Revolutionary Novels 
     of Purpose. Godwin, 
     'Caleb Williams.' 
   Miss Edgeworth. 
   Miss Austen.

     THE ROMANTIC REVOLT 
          —Poetry. 
   Thomson, 'The Seasons,' 
     1726-30. 
   Collins, 'Odes,' 1747. 
   Gray, 1716-71. 
   Percy's 'Reliques,' 
     1765. 
   Goldsmith, 'The Deserted 
     Village,' 
     1770. 
   Cowper. 
   Chatterton. 
   Macpherson, Ossianic 
     imitations. 
   Burns, 1759-96. 
   Blake.

     THE DRAMA. 
   Pseudo-Classical Tragedy, 
     Addison's 
     'Cato,' 1713. 
   Sentimental Comedy. 
   Domestic Tragedy. 
   Revival of genuine 
     Comedy of 
     Manners. Goldsmith, 
     'She Stoops to 
     Conquer,' 1773. 
     Sheridan.

VIII. The Romantic Triumph, 1798 to about 1830. 
    Coleridge, 1772-1834. Wordsworth, 1770-1850. Southey, 
      1774-1843. Scott, 1771-1832. 
    Byron, 1788-1824. Shelley, 1792-1822. Keats, 1759-1821.

IX. The Victorian Period, about 1830-1901. 
       Victoria Queen, 1837-1901.

  ESSAYISTS. POETS. NOVELISTS.

  Macaulay, 1800-1859. Mrs. Browning, 1806- Charlotte Bronte, 
  Carlyle, 1795-1881. 1861. 1816-1855. 
  Ruskin, 1819-1900. Tennyson, 1809-1892. Dickens, 1812-1870. 
                     Browning, 1812-1889. Thackeray, 1811-1863. 
                     Matthew Arnold, Kingsley, 1819-1875. 
                     poems, 1848-58. George Eliot, 1819- 
                     Rossetti, 1828-82. 1880. 
  Matthew Arnold, Morris, 1834-96. Reade, 1814-1884. 
  essays, 1861-82. Swinburne, 1837-1909. Trollope, 1815-1882. 
                     Blackmore, 'Lorna 
                     Doone,' 1869. 
                     Shorthouse,' John 
                     Inglesant,' 1881. 
                     Meredith, 1828-1910. 
                     Thomas Hardy, 1840- 
                     Stevenson, 1850-1894. 
                     Kipling, 1865- Kipling, 1865-